If you believe that you or someone you know is being trafficked and it’s an emergency contact 911 or your local police or RCMP, or CRIMESTOPPERS 1-800-222-8477.

A United Nations definition

Human Trafficking is the buying and selling of human beings for purposes of sexual exploitation; labour exploitation; domestic servitude; forced gang activity or forced organ removal and sale.

Human Trafficking takes place in Canada (domestic) or across borders (international).

Federal laws in the Criminal Code and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) address human trafficking and procuring (pimping and exploitation). Alberta has the Protection of Sexually Exploited Children Act (PESCA).

Canada is signatory to the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Supress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. Also known as the Palermo Protocol, the following definition are provided:

United Nations defines “Trafficking in Persons” as:
The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.


To learn more about all forms of Human Trafficking, contact ACT Alberta, whose mission is to increase knowledge and awareness on human trafficking, advocate for effective rights-based responses, build capacity of all involved stakeholders, and lead and foster collaboration for joint action against human trafficking.

To learn more about human trafficking across Canada, contact the Joy Smith Foundation: The Joy Smith Foundation works to ensure that every Canadian man, woman and child is safe from manipulation, force, or abuse of power designed to lure and exploit them into the sex trade or forced labour. This is achieved through educating the public, and providing funds and support to front-line organizations that rescue and rehabilitate victims, and organizations that safeguard all Canadians from human trafficking.